# 1399: Chaos

Chaos |

Title text: Although the oral exam for the doctorate was just 'can you do that weird laugh?' |

## [edit] Explanation

This comic pokes fun at the 1993 film *Jurassic Park*, which features a theme park filled with cloned dinosaurs. In the film, chaos ensues when all the dinosaurs escape and begin terrorizing their creators. The list of chaos topics, phase space, nonlinear equations, and strange attractors, comes directly from the movie, in which Dr. Ian Malcolm (portrayed by Jeff Goldblum), a mathematician and chaos theorist brought in to inspect the park prior to its grand opening, suggests that the dinosaurs' escaping could have been predicted based on mathematical chaos models.

Cueball explains that although he has also studied chaos theory, he has never seen where chaos models predict that dinosaurs would escape. Cueball's confusion highlights the contrast between the mathematical definition of chaos – shown in the graphs on the whiteboard – and its common meaning – a state of utter confusion or disorder (as illustrated in the film).

The whiteboard shows a bifurcation diagram of the logistic map (one of the simplest examples of the mathematical concept of chaos, also featured in what-if 105) and a dragon curve, which appeared on the section title pages of the Jurassic Park book.

The title text references the scene in Jurassic Park in which Goldblum, as Malcolm, while making small talk with Drs. Alan Grant (portrayed by Sam Neill) and Ellie Sattler (portrayed by Laura Dern) during the helicopter ride to the park, responds to a remark with an odd-sounding laugh [1]. The laugh has gained minor Internet notoriety after being used as the central sample in at least one remix [2].

The comic may be timely, as a fourth film in the Jurassic Park franchise is scheduled for release in June 2015.

## [edit] Transcript

- [Cueball is staring at a whiteboard covered with equations and graphs. The dragon curve and a schematic of the bifurcation diagram of the logistic map (both famous figures from chaos theory) are visible.]
- Cueball: For two decades, I've studied phase space, nonlinear equations, and strange attractors.
- Cueball: And there is
*nothing*in here about dinosaurs escaping.

**add a comment!**

# Discussion

Dr. Ian Malcolm: Dr. Sattler, Dr. Grant, you've heard of chaos theory? No? Non-linear equations? Strange attractions? Dr. Sattler, I refuse to believe that you aren't familiar with the concept of attraction.[3] 173.245.62.62 05:09, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

- Dr. Ian Malcolm: See, here I'm now sitting by myself, uh, er, talking to myself. That's, that's chaos theory. [4] 173.245.62.62 05:12, 25 July 2014 (UTC)
- Thanks for the quotes -- they really helped with writing the explanation! 108.162.238.175 06:07, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

Why write 'third sequel' instead of 'fourth film'? It's quite confusing as I initially misread it to be the third instalment instead of sequel. 141.101.92.203 06:43, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

- No particular reason. I've changed it.108.162.238.175 06:51, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

Reference URL for the remix cited in title text... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4zXr9GLa0Jo108.162.216.84 06:44, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

Top-left in the in-comic diagram(s) appears to be a 'fern', another fractal construct which may *also* be an incidental reference to the native flora of the Jurassic (and non-Jurassic) eras of the dinosaurs. 141.101.99.233 08:49, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

"phase space, nonlinear equations, and strange attractors" is not a quote from the movie. The script contains:

- MALCOLM
- Dr. Grant, Dr. Sattler -- you've heard of Chaos Theory?

- ELLIE
- (shaking her head)
- No.

- MALCOLM
- No? Non-linear equations? Strange attractions?
- (again, she shrugs)
- Dr. Sattler, I refuse to believe that you are not familiar with the concept of attraction!